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By | 02.07.2023

To say physical person in English, the term used is natural person. A natural person refers to a living human being who has legal rights and responsibilities. In contrast, legal persons or artificial persons are organizations, institutions, or entities that also possess legal rights and can engage in legal activities.


Now, let’s delve into the topic of natural person in more detail for the article.

Title: The Concept of a Natural Person: Rights and Responsibilities


The concept of a natural person is essential in the field of law and has profound implications for individuals in society. Understanding what constitutes a natural person, their rights, and responsibilities is crucial for legal systems worldwide. This article explores the definition, rights, and responsibilities of natural persons while highlighting their significance in today’s society.


A natural person, also known as a physical person or an individual, refers to a living human being with a distinct identity and existence. It is an entity capable of participating in legal activities, entering contracts, and assuming legal obligations. Natural persons are recognized as having fundamental rights that ensure their dignity, freedom, and equality under the law.

Rights of Natural Persons:

Natural persons enjoy a broad range of rights that are recognized and protected by law. These rights include, but are not limited to, the right to life, liberty, and security of person, freedom of thought, conscience, and expression, and the right to private and family life. Additionally, natural persons have the right to own property, participate in political activities, and access education and healthcare.

Responsibilities of Natural Persons:

With rights come responsibilities. Natural persons are expected to fulfill various responsibilities to maintain a harmonious society. These responsibilities include respecting the rights and freedoms of others, complying with legal obligations, and contributing to the welfare of the community through taxes and civic engagement. Natural persons are also responsible for ensuring their actions do not harm other individuals or the environment.

Legal Status:

Natural persons have a distinct legal status separate from legal persons. Legal systems recognize and regulate the rights and obligations of natural persons to maintain order and protect individual interests. These legal systems also outline procedures for dispute resolution, ensuring that natural persons can seek justice and protection under the law.

Significance in Society:

The concept of natural persons forms the foundation of human rights and the rule of law. It ensures that individuals are treated as autonomous beings with dignity and are shielded from arbitrary state action. Natural persons are the focal point of social, political, and economic arrangements, shaping how societies function and progress.


In conclusion, natural persons, or physical individuals, are vital components of legal systems worldwide. They are recognized as having inherent rights and responsibilities, which form the bedrock of a just society. Understanding the concept of a natural person is essential for every individual to be aware of their rights and fulfill their duties within society. By recognizing and protecting the rights of natural persons, legal systems promote social justice, equality, and human dignity.

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